Friday, May 16, 2014

EGO DEATH( FANAA) in Sufism



Fanaa is the Sufi term for extinction. It means to annihilate the self, while remaining physically alive.Persons having entered this state are said to have no existence outside of, and be in complete unity with, Allah. Fanaa is equivalent to the concept of nirvana in Buddhism and Hinduism or moksha inHinduism which also aim for annihilation of the self.
The nature of fanaa consists of the elimination of evil deeds and lowly attributes of the flesh. In other words, fanaa is abstention from sin and the expulsion from the heart of all love other than the Divine Love; expulsion of greed, lust, desire, vanity, show, etc. In the state of fanaa the reality of the true and only relationship asserts itself in the mind. One realizes and feeds that the only real relationship is with Allah Ta'ala fanaa means to destroy your self. if you destroy your self in the love of Allah then that fanaa will convert into entire life means abdi zindgi. and for that one you have to destroy your will and yourself on the will of Allah.

A sufi is who has died before death; Prophet Muhammad(PBUH)

Enlightenment equals ego death;
For millennia this equation has held true..From Shankara's rantings against the ego as a "strong and deadly serpent" to Prophet Muhammad's declaration of a "holy war against the nafs [ego]" to the Zen masters' fierce determination to use any means necessary to break the ego's grip on their students.While the term "ego," meaning "I" in Latin, is obviously a relatively recent addition to the English lexicon, just about every major enlightenment teaching in the world has long held that the highest goal of spiritual and indeed human life lies in the renunciation, rejection and, ultimately, the death of the need to hold on to a separate, self-centered existence. 


According to an esoteric Sufi tradition, the word Allâh is composed of the article al, and lâh, one of the interpretations of which is “nothing.” Thus the actual word Allâh means “the Nothing.” 

For the Sufi the fact that His greatest name means “the Nothing” has great significance, because Truth, or God, is experienced as the NothingnessThus, the name Allâh contains the essence of all Sufi teaching: to become nothing, to become annihilated in Him, so that all that remains is His Infinite Emptiness. This is the path of love, it is the cup of wine which is drunk by His lovers. In the words of Rûmî:
I drained this cup:
there is nothing, now,
but ecstatic annihilation
The mystic quest is none other than the realisation of this state, which is also union with God, for the universal man is the mirror in which are reflected all the divine names and qualities.”

Sufi Scholar lee Vaughn described Fana as "This is one of the cornerstones of the Sufi path, and is encapsulated in the saying attributed to the prophet Mohammad, "To die before you die." You see, most people wait until they physically die to go back home to God. But the Sufi, driven by the soul's homesickness, wants to experience going back to God consciously, in this life. And for this you have to go beyond your ego. This is what it means to die before you die"

Fana is about the annihilation of the ego. One great Sufi said, "Between You and me there lingers an 'It is I.' Oh God, through Thy mercy lift this 'It is I' from between us both." 

Abu Yazid Bistami (804-874 CE) introduced into Sufism the concepts of fana and khud’a from the influence of his teacher, Abu ‘Ali al-Sindi. Fana means cessation of existence– the total destruction of the individual ego in becoming one with Allah; khud’a means deceit or trick, as the description of the material world.
In a poem he recounts;
Abu Yazid al-Bistami approached the Divine Presence and “knocked on the gate”. He was asked, “Who is there?” “I have come, Oh my Lord”, replied Abu Yazid. He was told: “There isn’t any place here for two. Leave your ego behind and come”. When Abu Yazid once again approached the Divine Presence and was asked who it was, he said: “You, oh Lord”.
The "annihilation of the self" (fana fi 'Allah') refers to disregarding everything in this world because of one's love towards God. When a person enters the state of fana it is believed that one is closest to God. 


The Qalaba( heart) is sandwiched between the nafs( EGO) and the Rooh(SOUL) The entire objective of annihilation is to destroy the nafs to that Heart can recognise the soul.Sudi's say soul has the spark of divine as in Quran, its mentioned" all souls come rom God".

What has to "die" is this "I" which separates us from God. This is the painful part of the path, because it requires that we surrender our ego and learn to give ourself totally to love. Fana is a long, slow process—it takes time for the ego to surrender, to step aside, to become annihilated.A parallel concept can also be found in Hinduism's identification of Atman (human soul) with Brahman (the impersonal Absolute), the realization of which is the ultimate goal or release from existence and rebirth. 

Just as the ultimate goal of the Hindu was unity with the world soul and of the Christian mystic union with God; the ultimate goal of this movement became Fanaa, the dissolution of the ego, and Wusul the meeting and unification of the human soul with Allah in this life.


The nature of fanaa consists of the elimination of evil deeds and lowly attributes of the flesh. In other words, fanaa is abstention from sin and the expulsion from the heart of all love other than the Divine Love; expulsion of greed, lust, desire, vanity, show, etc. In the state of fanaa the reality of the true and only relationship asserts itself in the mind. One realizes and feeds that the only real relationship is with Allah Ta'ala fanaa means to destroy your self. if you destroy your self in the love of Allah then that fanaa will convert into entire life means abdi zindgi. and for that one you have to destroy your will and yourself on the will of Allah.


AN AL CHEMICAL TRANSFORMATION:
In mystical teaching the deconstruction of the ego does not result in complete and unreconstructed obliteration. According to both eastern and western mystical traditions, the deconstructive and reconstructive processes operate upon separative ego-consciousness so that as the old “self ” is abolished, a new Self is reconstituted allowing it to participate in a greater fullness. 
It is precisely this process which (in the hands of a Master such as Rumi—or the Master of the story) is the power of initiatic grace. Within the Islamic tradition at the heart of Rumi’s teaching, the deconstruction of the ego and the reconstruction of the Self is expressed through the traditional terms fana’ (the extinction of the social and cultural self as ego-construct) andbaqa’ (entry into divine subsistence or abundance). 

One example In sufi literature, is a rose bush. If you imagine the growth of divine consciousness as being like the growth of a rose, then a cutting from the original rose would have to be placed in the earth. It has to be watered by prayer and by devotion and by meditation. But something else has to happen for the open rose to be created. The bud has to be broken. Jesus said if the grain does not die, then the corn will not spring up. If the bud isn't broken, the full rose will not open. That breaking of the bud is annihilation and crucifixion of the false self. 

In the death of the ego love is born, God is born, light is born. In the death of the ego you are transformed; all misery disappears as if it had never existed. Your life right now is a nightmare. When the ego dies nightmares disappear and a great sweetness arises in your being, and a subtle joy, for no reason at all. Beyond this is the stage of intimacy (uns) at which the immanence of the Lord is perceived:

And I am closer to man than his jugular vein” QURAN;


1 comment:

  1. Ego death is not Fanaa. When saints said that one has to die to achieve the spirit (Ruh), all they wanted to do was to say that a drop has to dissolve in the ocean. Does the drop die when it dissolves in the ocean? Does a flower die when it turns into a fruit?

    When there is complete removal of ego, there is another institution sitting in our head i.e. the super-ego or our conditionings. Conditionings include our habits, our blind faiths, our customs, our daily routine etc. So, when the ego dies, this super ego comes up oppressively and then we can land into all sorts of troubles like mesmerism etc.

    Nafs is the total thing that combines both our ego and our super-ego and when this dissolves in the ocean of Allah's Love, the Spirit (Ruh) is known.

    Now, this is worked out within us by a certain mechanism that is activated by a motherly power. In Sanskrit this power is called Kundalini. Unfortunately, some satanic geniuses abused this motherly power very badly and were punished with burning sensations, madness etc. Actually, when this power is awakened in a Salik by a true master, She passes through the seven energy centers in our body, called by the Prophet as the Seven Heavens and finally takes us into a state of thoughtless awareness where there is no thought but one is completely aware of his/her surroundings. This thoughtless awareness is fanaa where no thoughts disturb you and you can feel the Ruh (wind) of the Holy Spirit on your hands and on the top of your head. In fact the same Kundalini was called as Buraq by Prophet Muhammad and this Buraq has the head of a woman.

    I am not here to say that Sufism was influence by Indian cultures or anything. All I want to say is that all the great religions are flowers on the same tree and the same things were known by different names in different places. But in some places, people have known more in detail about certain things.

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